Difference Between Summer Solstice and Winter Solstice in Tabular Form

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Thanx to the Earth’s Tilt, we humans are able to witness summer and winter solstice on planet Earth. So, what is the difference between summer solstice and winter solstice?

The primary difference between summer solstice and winter solstice is that the former marks the arrival of the first day of summer. And, the latter marks the arrival of the first day of winter.

Not to mention, there are some cultures that define the summer and winter solstice as the marker of the end of the half of the summer as well as the winter season. But, I don’t wanna go there now. We will talk about this in the later section.

 

As a matter of fact, in this exclusive article, I am going to get you through each and every detail regarding these two. But, before going into the deep discussion, let me give you a brief review of the two in a tabular form. Let’s dive right in!!!

 

Summer Solstice vs Winter Solstice

 Summer SolsticeWinter Solstice
1.Summer Solstice marks the arrival of the summer season.Winter Solstice marks the arrival of the winter season.
2.The other name of the summer solstice is Estival Solstice.The other hame of the winter solstice is Hibernal Solstice
3.Summer Solstice occurs twice in a calendar year, once in the northern and once in the southern hemisphere.Winter Solstice occurs twice in a calendar year, once in the northern and once in the southern hemisphere.
4.Because of the earth’s tilt, in the northern hemisphere, Summer Solstice occurs in the month of June.Because of the earth’s tilt, in the southern hemisphere, the Winter solstice occurs in the month of June.
5.Because of the earth’s tilt, in the southern hemisphere, the summer solstice occurs in the month of December.Because of the earth’s tilt, in the northern hemisphere, the winter solstice occurs in the month of December.
6.The summer solstice marks the longest as well as the brightest day of the year.Winter solstice marks the shortest as well as the darkest day of the year.
7.The dates of both the summer and winter solstices vary.The dates of both the summer and winter solstices vary.
From the above difference between summer solstice and winter solstice in tabular form, you got the exact overview of these two. However, let us try to understand both of them in a detailed format. Keep reading!

 

What is Summer Solstice?

By definition, the summer solstice is nothing but a day on which the summer season starts. In fact, this day also marks the longest as well as the brightest day of the year. Just because of the earth’s tilt, the summer or Estival solstice occurs two times in a calendar year.

Summer Solstice in Northern Hemisphere

summer-solstice-in-northern-hemisphere
An image of the first day of summer i.e summer season in the Indian Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir i.e in the northern hemisphere. Image Credit: Tour My India

In the earth’s northern areas, the summer solstice i.e the first day of summer occurs in the month of June. That’s why June Solstice (solstice that occurs in June) is known as the summer solstice in the earth’s northern areas.

On the eve of June Solstice, the north pole of the earth is at its maximum tilt towards the sun. Therefore, as a result, June Solstice marks the end of the spring and the arrival of summer in the earth’s northern areas.

 

In addition, just because the north pole of the earth is at maximum tilt towards the sun, the sun also enters the tropic of cancer on the eve of June Solstice i.e summer solstice in the northern hemisphere.

Not to mention, the first day of summer in the northern hemisphere will occur on Tuesday, June 21, 2022, at sharp 09:13 Universal Coordinated Time (UTC).

Summer Solstice in Southern Hemisphere

summer-solstice-in-southern-hemisphere
An image of the first day of summer i.e summer season in Australia i.e in the southern hemisphere. Image Credit: First Light Travel

In the earth’s southern areas, the summer solstice i.e the first day of summer occurs in the month of December. That’s why December Solstice (solstice that occurs in December) is known as the summer solstice in the earth’s southern areas.

On the eve of December Solstice, the south pole of the earth is at its maximum tilt towards the sun. Therefore, as a result, the December solstice marks the end of spring and the arrival of summer in the earth’s southern areas.

In addition, just because the south pole of the earth is at its maximum tilt towards the sun, the sun also enters the tropic of Capricorn on the eve of December solstice i.e summer solstice in the southern hemisphere.

Not to mention, the first day of summer in the southern hemisphere will occur on Wednesday, December 22, 2021, at sharp 2:59 Australian Eastern Daylight Time (AEDT).

 

What is Winter Solstice?

By definition, the winter solstice is nothing but a day on which the winter season starts. In fact, this day also marks the shortest as well as the darkest day of the year. Just because of the earth’s tilt, the winter or hibernal solstice occurs two times in a calendar year.

Winter Solstice in Northern Hemisphere

winter-solstice-in-northern-hemisphere
An image of the first day of the winters from the Indian remote village of Malana, Himachal Pradesh i.e in the northern hemisphere. Image Credit: Mint

In the earth’s northern areas, the winter solstice i.e the first day of winter occurs in the month of December. That’s why December Solstice (solstice that occurs in December) is known as the winter solstice in the earth’s northern areas.

On the eve of the December solstice, the north pole of the earth is at its maximum tilt away from the sun. Therefore, as a result, the December solstice marks the end of autumn and the arrival of winter in the earth’s northern areas.

Just because the north pole is at its maximum tilt away from the sun, the sun will also enter the tropic of Capricorn on the eve of December Solstice i.e winter solstice in the northern hemisphere.

Not to mention, the first day of winter in the northern hemisphere will occur on Tuesday, December 21, 2021, at sharp 10:59 Eastern Daylight Time (EDT).

 

Winter Solstice in Southern Hemisphere

winter-solstice-in-southern-hemisphere
An image of the first day of winter i.e winter season in Australia i.e in the southern hemisphere. Image Credit: OLIVER PELLING

In the earth’s southern areas, the winter solstice i.e the first day of winter occurs in the month of June. That’s why June Solstice (solstice that occurs in June) is known as the winter solstice in the earth’s southern areas.

On the eve of June Solstice, the south pole of the earth is at its maximum tilt away from the sun. Therefore, as a result, the June solstice marks the end of autumn and the arrival of winters in the earth’s southern areas.

Just because the south pole is at its maximum tilt away from the sun, the sun also enters the tropic of cancer on the eve of the June solstice i.e winter solstice in the southern hemisphere.

Not to mention, the first day of winter in the southern hemisphere will occur on Tuesday, June 21, 2022, at sharp 19:13 Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST).

 

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I am a mechanical engineer by profession. Just because of my love for fundamental physics, I switched my career, and therefore I did my postgraduate degree in physics. Right now I am a loner (as ever) and a Physics blogger too. My sole future goal is to do a Ph.D. in theoretical physics, especially in the field of cosmology. Because in my view, every aspect of physics comes within the range of cosmology. And I love traveling, especially the Sole one.

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