Full Moon Day occurs when the Sun, Earth, and the Moon are perfectly aligned in a straight line i.e the sun and the moon are separated by 180 degrees. Full Moon Day is the third phase of the four primary phases of the moon(the other three phases are – New Moon Day, First Quarter Moon, and, Third Quarter Moon). Only on a full moon, a lunar eclipse can occur. In India, Full moon day is also known as Purnima or Poornima. Full moon day comes 12 times (sometimes 13) in a calendar year. Out of 12 full moons, in this article, we will talk about Sturgeon Moon – The Season Of Sturgeon Fishing.
What Is A Sturgeon Moon?
According to the western world, the full moon in august is undisputedly known as Sturgeon Moon because during the august full moon there could be a large amount of huge freshwater fish especially Big Sturgeon Fish can be easily found in the lakes as well as in the river waters. The full moon in august got its name from Algonquin tribal people who lived across North America. Later the name ” Sturgeon Moon” was adopted by the Colonial Americans and integrated it with their modern calendar.
According to the native American culture, those native American tribal people used the lunar calendar (rather than using a solar calendar or Georgian calendar) to understand the pattern of changing seasons. And with time, by seeing the pattern they understood how around August full moon they can go fishing and easily catch a Sturgeon Fish. Hence named Sturgeon Moon – The Season Of Sturgeon Fishing. The other names of the august full moon are Grain Moon, Full Red Moon, Barley Moon, or Fruit Moon.
Some Facts About Sturgeons
Well, there was a time when big sturgeon fish can be easily found from the North American countries to Russia’s far east till north China. They were even found in the central Asian’s Amu Darya. But due to overfishing, manmade natural calamity, and of course, destruction of their natural habitat; these ugly-looking creatures are classified as highly vulnerable and critically endangered to extinction. Talking about extinction, Chinese Sturgeons also known as Chinese paddlefish or Chinese swordfish are classified as extinct species which was once native to the yellow river basin of China.
picture of a sturgeon fish Credit: Animals.NET
Apart from their natural habitat destruction, their overexploitation is the main cause of forcing them to extinction level. Several species of Sturgeons such as freshwater sturgeon or white sturgeon were harvested at a large scale for caviar production. If I talk about sturgeon fishing – though there are many, but one of the horrifying examples of sturgeon fishing is in Fraser River, British Columbia, Canada. Sturgeon in the Fraser River has been highly exploited especially the white sturgeon. Due to their ever-reducing number because of overfishing and of course harvesting for sturgeon caviar – several countries have enacted strict laws against the poaching, harvesting, and as well as smuggling of a Sturgeon fish.
Now if I talk about their personal features – a sturgeon fish is classified as one of the longest living fishes as a male sturgeon lifespan is about 50 to 60 years. On the other hand, a female sturgeon can live up to 150 years. Their evolution dates back to some 200 million years ago. That’s why sturgeon is also regarded as an example of Living fossils. They don’t spawn on a yearly basis. Sometimes they take 2 or sometimes they take 4 years for spawning.
Cultural Aspects Of Sturgeon Moon
As I mentioned in the introductory paragraph that in India, Full Moon day is also known as Purnima or Poornima.In India, according to the Hindu Calendar, this august full moon is memorably known as Sharavana Purnima(July/August). There are so many festivals celebrated on this auspicious day. Hayagriva Jayanti is celebrated on this day, therefore; also known as Narali Purnima. Raksha Bandhan is also celebrated during the month of Shravana Purnima or Sturgeon Moon.
As for the year 2020, Sturgeon Moon will be occurring on Monday, August 3. I hope you will get a clearer view of this epic beauty of nature. On August 3, 2020; the moon will be in Aquariusor in Kumbha Rashiaccording to the Hindu calendar. Apart from Sturgeon Moon, the other Full Moon names are Wolf Moon, Snow Moon, Worm Moon, Pink Moon, Flower Moon, Strawberry Moon, Buck Moon, Corn Moon, Harvest Moon, Hunter’s Moon (Blue Moon), Beaver Moon, and Cold Moon. When there are 13 Full Moon in a calendar year, the extra full moon is known as Blue Moon; like this year (2020) we have 13 full moons in a calendar year.
I am a mechanical engineer by profession. Just because of my love for fundamental physics, I switched my carrier, and therefore I just completed my postgraduate degree in physics. Right now I am a loner (as like ever) and a Physics blogger too. My sole future goal is to do a Ph.D. in theoretical physics, especially in the field of cosmology. Because in my view, every part of physics comes within the range of cosmology. And I love traveling, especially the Sole one.