The main difference between physical and chemical change is that physical changes are reversible and chemical changes are irreversible. In other words, in the case of physical change, the original substance can often be obtained. While, in the case of chemical change, original substances cannot be easily recovered.
The other difference between them is that physical change is a temporary change. While chemical change is a permanent change. Physical and chemical changes are fundamental concepts in physical sciences and chemical engineering that help us comprehend how matter transforms and behaves under various conditions.
In this article, we’ll explore 10 key distinctions between physical and chemical changes presented in a tabular format. Whether you’re a student, a curious mind, or someone delving into the world of science, this guide will provide a clear and organized comparison.
Physical Change vs Chemical Change
|Aspect||Physical Change||Chemical Change|
|1.||Definition||A change in the physical properties of a substance without altering its chemical composition.||A change in the chemical composition of a substance, results in the formation of new substances.|
|2.||Reversibility||Usually reversible; the original substance can often be obtained.||Often irreversible; original substances cannot be easily recovered.|
|3.||Appearance||No new substance formed; appearance remains the same.||New substance(s) formed, often with a different appearance.|
|4.||Energy Change||Typically involves minor energy changes, such as heat transfer.||Involves significant energy changes, like heat absorption or release.|
|5.||Mass Conservation||Mass is conserved; the total mass before and after the change remains the same.||The mass may not be conserved; it can decrease or increase due to the formation of new substances or gases.|
|6.||Chemical Formula||The chemical formula remains unchanged.||The chemical formula of the substances involved can change.|
|7.||Separation of Mixtures||Physical changes can be used to separate mixtures.||Chemical changes cannot be used for separating mixtures.|
|8||Temperature Changes||Temperature changes are often minimal.||Temperature changes can be significant.|
|9.||Speed of Change||Usually occurs rapidly.||May occur slowly, depending on the reaction rate.|
|10.||Common Examples||Melting ice, boiling water, dissolving sugar in water.||Rusting of iron, burning wood, digestion of food.|
Detailed Explanation of 10 Differences Between Physical and Chemical Change:
- Definition: Physical changes do not alter the chemical composition of a substance, while chemical changes result in the formation of new substances.
- Reversibility: Physical changes are often reversible, whereas chemical changes are usually irreversible.
- Appearance: Physical changes maintain the original appearance, while chemical changes often result in a new appearance.
- Energy Changes: Physical changes involve minor energy changes, whereas chemical changes involve significant energy changes like heat absorption or release.
- Mass Conservation: In physical changes, mass is conserved, but in chemical changes, it may not be, as new substances are formed.
- Chemical Formula: In physical changes, the chemical formula remains the same. In chemical changes, it can change.
- Separation of Mixtures: Physical changes can be used for separating mixtures, while chemical changes cannot.
- Temperature Changes: Physical changes usually involve minimal temperature changes, while chemical changes can result in significant temperature changes.
- Speed of Change: Physical changes typically occur rapidly, while chemical changes can be slower depending on reaction rates.
- Common Examples: Physical changes examples include melting, boiling, and dissolving. Chemical changes examples include rusting, burning, and digestion.
That’s it for this post. If you like this article, share it if you like, like it if you share it. You can also find us on Mix, Twitter, Pinterest, and Facebook. Hey man, If you have come this far, do give us feedback in the comment section. It would make my day. You can also make a donation. Your donations will help us to run our website and serve you BETTER. Cheers!!!
You might also like:
- 10 Differences Between Miscible and Immiscible Liquids in Tabular Form
- 10 Differences Between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Mixtures with Examples