Difference Between Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals in Tabular Form

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Based on the fact that whether there is a presence of iron or not in any metal, it can be bifurcated into two categories. These are known as Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals. So, what is the difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals?

The basic difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals is that ferrous metals contain iron and non-ferrous metals do not. The other significant difference between them is that ferrous metals such as cast iron shows magnetic features. Non-ferrous metals, on the other hand, such as Copper do not show magnetic features.

No wonder, there are so many differences as well as similarities between them. But before going ahead, let me give you a brief review of the two in a tabular form. Let’s dive right in…!!!

 

Ferrous Metals vs Non-Ferrous Metals

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1.Ferrous metals are those that contain iron.Non-ferrous metals are those that do not contain iron.
2.They show magnetic properties.They do not show magnetic properties.
3.Ferrous metals are easily oxidized.Non-ferrous metals are not easily oxidized.
4.Ferrous metals are heavier than non-ferrous metals.Non-ferrous metals are lighter than ferrous metals.
5.They tend to show fewer resistants to corrosion.They tend to show more resistants to corrosion.
6.Ferrous metals are cheap.Non-Ferrous metals are expensive.
7.Have high tensile strength and durability.Have very high malleability.
8.Some of the ferrous metals include carbon steel, mild steel, cast iron, etc.Some of the non-ferrous metals include aluminum, gold, copper, etc.
9.Ferrous metals are commonly used for making screws, nuts, car bodies, bolts, bike frames, etc.Non-ferrous metals are commonly used for making electrical wires, decorative goods, bronze gears, aircraft frames, etc.
From the above difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals in tabular form, you got the exact overview of these two. However, to know them, let us try to understand both of them in a detailed format. Keep reading!

 

 

What are Ferrous Metals?

By definition, Ferrous metals are those that contain iron, hence, do show magnetic properties. In fact, just because ferrous metals are highly rich in iron content, they are easy to oxidize.

Therefore, as a result, they are prone to rust. They generally show very high tensile strength and durability. In addition, they also show good electrical and thermal conductivity.

Properties of Ferrous Metals

Some of the properties of ferrous metals are as follow:

  • Ferrous metals show magnetic properties.
  • High density.
  • They are prone to rust.
  • High electrical and thermal conductivity.
  • High tensile strength and ductility, etc.

Examples of Ferrous Metals

Some of the examples of ferrous metals are as follow:

  • Steel
  • Carbon Steel
  • Stainless Steel
  • Wrought Iron
  • Cast Iron, etc.

Uses of Ferrous Metals

Some of the uses of ferrous metals are in making:

  • Nuts
  • Screws
  • Bike Frames
  • Kitchen Equipment
  • Cutlery
  • Ball Bearings
  • Car Bodies, etc.

 

What are Non-Ferrous Metals?

By definition, non-ferrous metals are those that do not contain iron, hence, do not show magnetic properties. In fact, just because ferrous metals are highly iron-deficient metals, they are too hard to oxidize.

Therefore, as a result, they show more resistance to corrosion. They have very high malleability. In comparison to ferrous metals, non-ferrous metals are lighter. However, they are too expensive to buy.

Properties of Non-Ferrous Metals

Some of the properties of non-ferrous metals are as follow:

  • Non-Ferrous metals do not show magnetic properties.
  • Low density.
  • Corrosion-resistant.
  • High electrical and thermal conductivity.
  • High Malleability, etc.

Examples of Non-Ferrous Metals

Some of the examples of non-ferrous metals are as follow:

  • Tin
  • Silver
  • Brass
  • Gold
  • Aluminum
  • Zinc, etc.

Uses of Non-Ferrous Metals

Some of the uses of non-ferrous metals are in making:

  • Electronic Cable
  • Aluminum Alloy
  • Electrical Wire
  • Decorative Goods
  • Soft Solder
  • Water Pipes, etc.

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I am a mechanical engineer by profession. Just because of my love for fundamental physics, I switched my career, and therefore I did my postgraduate degree in physics. Right now I am a loner (as ever) and a Physics blogger too. My sole future goal is to do a Ph.D. in theoretical physics, especially in the field of cosmology. Because in my view, every aspect of physics comes within the range of cosmology. And I love traveling, especially the Sole one.

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